Are Jehovah's Witnesses a Cult?

A Former Elder Helps Us Understand the Mind of a Jehovah’s Witness

Borg_cube_over_EarthWhy exactly is it that people remain in a group like Jehovah’s Witnesses (JWs)?  Those of us who have been in that group and who have left can easily see how laughable their interpretation of scripture is; there are literally reams of evidence written by the Watchtower’s own hand that demonstrates that nothing predicted by them comes true.  There are mounds of evidence that they use false historical dates as the basis for their most important calculation of 1914, and that they punish any Jehovah’s Witness who discovers their fraud.  When you walk away from such a group, oftentimes you are surprised, perhaps even embarrassed, that you fell for such foolish beliefs, and you can’t understand why everyone else doesn’t see just what exactly is going on.

As I look back on the decades I spent under the influence of the “borganization,” and as I have studied the effects of high control groups on their members, I have come to somewhat of an understanding.  In my personal case, as I have told in a previous post, my awakening came via the fact that following all the rules put me squarely in a horrible life, from which the only escape was to wake up and leave.  I can testify that the sway the Watchtower held over my thinking was considerable.  How do they accomplish this?


People have been studying this question for several decades, and there is some pretty good reading out there that helps you understand exactly how groups like the Watchtower accomplish their mind-numbing control.  I recommend looking at Steven Hassan’s books on the subject for a deeper understanding.  Reading some of his material helped me to break the spell of control cast over me by the Watchtower.  For the uninitiated, it can be difficult to impossible to understand exactly how the control works.  To me, the effect is very similar to an abusive relationship, because when you come down to it, that is exactly what it is like to be in a high control group.

Understanding the mind of the Witness, or of the high control group member for that matter, requires understanding the indoctrination process.  For individuals like me, that happened before I was 5, so their teachings became my reality and molded my personality to their desires.  For an adult, it is slightly different, since they already have personalities formed.

Most often, high control groups, or cults prey upon people who are in an emotionally low state.  Perhaps someone close to them has just died, and they are distraught.  Perhaps they feel like an outcast for some reason.  Perhaps their marriage is miserable and they don’t believe in divorce.  Perhaps they were abused as a child, or are currently in an abusive relationship.  Maybe they just think we live in a really evil world.  Maybe they just don’t have a good social support system or family.  None of those things in life are dependent upon how intelligent the person in the situation is, but any of them could subject a person to being vulnerable to cult recruitment.

Recruitment and Sales Pitch

Such a person, when in that emotionally low state, be it passing or long term, comes into contact with a cult recruiter.  That recruiter uses deceptive practices from the start, usually not even realizing they are doing it.  For example, when Jehovah’s Witnesses knock on your door, they don’t tell you that once you join, you will need to stop celebrating birthdays and holidays, that you will need to forsake all of your normal friends and just associate with other JWs, or that if you break one of their rules that they will all shun you.  They don’t tell you that they base the most important date in their religion – the date of Jesus return, and then later of his selection of them as his people – on historical lies and fabrications.  Withholding that information is part of deceptive recruiting.


A tract or, more accurately, sales brochure of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Instead, they offer you the promise that soon God will step in and destroy all the wicked people, and that the earth will be restored to a paradise, and we will all return to perfection.  Our problems will be eliminated in one fell swoop, and this is going to happen REALLY SOON!  In all honesty, one of my friends forwarded me a video shown at a function for delegates to an international convention she attended (she is still in).  It involved someone being recruited in the 1930s after their wife died, with the then already old promise that “Millions now living will never die,” and that he would see his resurrected wife again soon.  Then, fast forward to today when that man had passed away, and his two young daughters were now very elderly.  The JWs at that function all clapped, obviously missing the point that that man had thrown his life away for something that he never got, and so had his daughters.  The promised paradise, which is always coming any second now, serves as a big motivation.

The governing body strives to constantly keep this in the mind of their dedicated followers.  They are constantly reminded to focus on that elusive dream to strengthen their faith.  JWs who are more involved in doing Watchtower activities are even regularly told to look like and act as if they are joyful even when they are not, specifically for the purpose of encouraging other JWs to engage in more Watchtower service.  The reality is that the Watchtower system is set up on proven false hopes and an outward show of joy that is often not based in reality.


Jehovah's Witnesses are taught that all non-JWs will die like this at Armageddon. Yes, that is a little girl being held by her mother there in the center.

Jehovah’s Witnesses are taught that all non-JWs will die like this at Armageddon.

However, the hope for the never-coming paradise is not the only motivator.  By far, the more powerful motivator is fear.  Fear of destruction at Armageddon.  Fear of losing all of your family and friends if you leave.  This fear is heightened by the fact that the vast majority of JWs do not have any friends who are not JWs because they are following the teachings of the governing body.  In addition, as I have explained in earlier posts, the Watchtower regularly paints an extremely derogatory picture of all non-JWs.  Therefore, JWs actually fear having a friendship with non-JWs to some extent.  Combine this with the fact that the Watchtower teaches JWs to regularly speak to each other about Watchtower dogma, and the result is that the average JW is both afraid of non-JWs, and doesn’t know how to interact with them.

That was me.  I grew up around regular people, and interacted with them as necessary.  I would have had friends that were not JWs had I not been taught by the Watchtower that regular people were bad people who would corrupt my morals.  In reality, I always viewed regular people as being in a separate world that I visited, but didn’t live in.  This is how strongly the Watchtower had me indoctrinated.  This is why it required nothing short of my life becoming a train wreck for me to wake up.

This control is also why it is possible for people like Mr. Flodin to get on JW broadcasting, and accuse “apostates” – or whistle blowers, more accurately – of being devious, whilst himself being devious about the gist of the article from 1910 he is discussing, an article he well knows that most JWs can’t get, and will never see.

Yet, he is still so scared of what is in that article that in his cowardice he refuses to give either the date of the article, the page of the article, or the paragraph he is referring to, and he does not put the article on the screen for all to see and to fact check.  Only “devious apostates” have the courage to divulge their sources to independent fact checking.

Sadly, the average JW believes what Mr. Flodin says, despite the fact they can’t check on a single thing he said.  This is the perfect illustration of how the fear causes people to allow themselves to shut their minds off when necessary.  If you have not already done so, I recommend reading George Orwell’s 1984.  The description of that society could well apply to the JW society.

I often times wonder if the individuals perpetrating this ruse on their followers are delusional, misled, or just the liars they appear to be.  I have at times thought all of the above.  The one thing I am happy about is that it is not my job to personally judge them; but, what I can do is to educate people on what they are doing.  I can shine the light on their devious practices, point out the myriad flaws and inconsistencies in their arguments, and highlight their rampant hypocrisy.

Then, after all that has been done, it still remains to you, the reader, to both research these things and decide them for yourself.  Unlike the Watchtower, I refuse to tell people how to think or what to feel.  Every individual is entitled the freedom to their own thoughts and feelings, and nobody is under obligation to agree with me.

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Spike Raynor is the pen name of a former elder of Jehovah’s Witnesses. View his YouTube channel here.

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9 replies »

  1. I left for years and was convinced to try again. Hmm. How did that go. I was never disfellowshiped…never really disassociated…Just left. So after a few weeks with this elder I wanted to comment. No, can’t do that. Then I have to face the elders and they go over my situation. What situation? Me and this guy and wife, since I was renting an apartment from them and my upstairs neighbor with any complaint he had of noise or whatever won…To the point this elder would just come in unannounced into my place…It finally came to a head. I could see they were trying to run my life for me. The last of it came with a notice on my door I was not allowed in my apartment because of my upstairs neighbor complaining of a burnt pizza smell of all things,illegal as it was. It didn’t matter the explanation, I was told I must be lying. I didn’t think if this really were who they claimed it would come down to something stupid and no attempt to even iron it out. This was a supposed respected Elder and wife, but he showed me this other side, one he didn’t show around the congregation.
    After moving, I’d get phone calls, knocks on the door. I’d had enough. I wouldn’t answer the door or phone. It brought back all the things from before. Elders at lunch talking the politics of the Organization at work. I got my eyes opened when one said when he went door to door he had two messages for people at their doors, one a message of hope if they listened, the other a message of doom if they didn’t.
    I guess I count me as one in that catch of ones that were convinced of the Kingdom in 1914, and those of an age of understanding then as long as a few still around today, the system ends. Well, let’s see. it’s 2017, 103 years later. Science is debating how long a body can last, generally 115 years, at most. Maybe the youngest of an age to understand is what, four? Five, six? So that would be 1908-1910. That person would be 107-109 today. Not impossible, but pushing it.
    The last convention I hear it said now that prophecy has been done away with. That it could be anytime. Concluding…1975. Then 1914 Kingdom. Then…Give me a break. Anyone could conclude what Revelations said and we seem to be deep in you know what right now. There were no answers from the Organization. I went away empty handed,

  2. I know why I joined. First, to please my father, who had been a witness most of my life, and who connected the love I would receive from him to my love for Jehovah. Second, I craved the attention I received and the sense of importance I felt at the Kingdom Hall. At the hall, I was no longer the odd, overlooked kid I was at school. The more answers I knew at the meetings, the more responsibilities I took on, the greater my stature became. It was addicting to say the least; finally I felt I had found a place where I belonged and fit in. But it wasn’t real. Beneath the surface were people who were secretly worse than the worldly people I knew. I consider myself to be intelligent and know intelligence does not play a part in the reasons why one may become and stay one of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

      • Luis, I find it interesting that when presented with honest facts, you think people are bitter. If someone told you about a horrible experience they had at a restaurant that resulted in them getting really bad food poisoning and ending up in the hospital, would you also think them to be bitter? What if many people had the same experience at that restaurant, would you think they were just bitter too? If they warned other people about the danger of that restaurant, would you think them to be bitter, or concerned about the safety of others? A rationally thinking person can process honest facts without assigning judgement to them. Hopefully one day you will be able to do this and not think people are bitter when expressing honest facts and trying to protect others. Don’t let others think for you.

      • If you are a Jehovah witness, you know how Jehovah in bible times never hid what his people did. Jehovah never suppressed wrongdoing. He punished them for all to see. How can you, if you are a witness preach about love yet be so cold to the real feeling and issues of people who gave their all to Jehovah ? You need to pray for ….FELLOW FEELINGS !

  3. Just wanted you to know how much I enjoyed this article you wrote; it was very enlightening. I agree with you saying many people are embarrassed that they fell for their beliefs and lies. And thinking back on the day they knocked on my door I was in a very vulnerable state and actually I still am so I will be careful. I probably would have never answered the door, but my preschool age grandkids were playing on the porch and the JW’s asked them to get me. Because I am embarrassed that I became a baptized JW, I told my immediate family I just don’t go to the meetings anymore when they ask about it. But it was nice of you to say that making the decision to join is not dependent upon how intelligent a person is because my self worth was effected. Looking back on the experience, I really don’t miss anyone as there were a lot of snobs at the KH I attended. Thank you for taking the time to write and to let others know about these people.

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